Travel Diary 101 : Broome – A Pearling Town in Kimberley

When we were on our way to Broome, I felt mixed emotions, I felt sadness and then excited. The 9 Days Overland Adventure was almost over which made me felt a bit gloomy but it I was elated with the thought of  my next adventures in Broome.

Because there was no telecom signal most of the time while we were in Kimberley, I haven’t checked emails. On our way to famous town in Kimberley, I took my chance to check emails. Then, I received notifications that my accommodation reservation in Broome was canceled. I felt uneasy after I read it, because we’re on our way to the town and yet and I don’t have a place to stay. I immediately browse sites to check available rooms for me.  I selected the same hotel that I booked before and that was the time I felt relax again when the booking has been confirmed.

When we started to see houses, we knew that we reached Broome. Honestly, before I booked the Overland Adventure tour, I never heard about the town’s name but during my researched before my trip, I saw an adventure activity that I wanted to experience as it is only available from Derby and Broome, I was hoping that during my stay in the town it will happen, I was talking about Horizontal Falls. It is quite an expensive adventure but I dream about it and praying that I will have opportunity to experience and witness it with my own eyes but this dream depends on nature, the Horizontal Falls does not always happen like other waterfalls that dries up and has seasons that its visible.

When I went off the truck, I bid goodbyes to the people left in the vehicle. And I had photo memory with our awesome guide Scotty. And I knew that most from the group stays in one hotel and Scotty told me to go to the hotel so we can still had some dinner that night, I said to Scotty I will try.

Then, I went inside OAKS Broome Hotel that I booked, approached the lobby officer and checked-in. That night, I was contemplating to think if I will go out that night or stay for the night. Then I went to my assigned room and started checking the internet in my phone with the objective to organize my adventures in two days while in Broome.

I already reserved one tour which all about Broome for the next day even before I reached Broome.  And that night, I still tried to booked two more important adventures that I was hoping that I will be able to join even just one of the two will do. I was trying to booked for the second adventure with the options of either Horizontal Falls or Cape Leveque 4WD Tour. I sent an email again to Horizontal Falls Tour Operator that night to follow-up if they will operate during my stay in the town. Then, I booked the Cape Leveque 4WD tour via Viator. I had dinner in the restaurant of the hotel and returned to my room, still checking other activities that I can do the next day until I fall asleep. This means that I never had a chance anymore to meet my group from overland adventure tour that night.

The two days adventure in Broome happened so fast. But the main adventures that I was hoping to happen did not materialize. The Horizontal Falls Tour was not operating during my stay in the town due to neap tides which means that the high and low water has no difference and the Horizontal Falls is most likely not visible at that time. This is second adventure that I missed after Kakadu National Park in Northern Territory. I felt really sad because the timing was not really for me. It was nature and I don’t have control on it. The Cape Leveque 4WD Tour that I booked Viator which is the second adventure that I was hoping to experience while in town, has been canceled as the tour is fully booked. Two main adventures, I missed for certain reasons. I felt empty-handed. I was in beautiful town far away from the world and yet I missed its beautiful natures that I dreamed to experience and to discover. I cannot extend my time in Broome, because I have to go to my last adventures in Western Australia which is Perth and its surrounding places.

But my stay in Broome did not end in vain. I was able to work on things that made this town a remarkable for me with some discovery that is unique to itself and to the world. If I will be given a chance, I will come back in this place and plan to stay few more days to see, experience and discover what the town is offering to its guest and visitors.

Here are my perception and impression that the town left on my during the time that I was there. Broome is a remote town in Kimberley but even it is remote place, it is indeed a popular place for adventures and relaxation. Broome is a pearling town that once the main producer of pearls in the world. But due to certain events, the town almost wiped-out because of war. Broome strived so hard to live. Now it is not only a pearling town because of history and because of its major industry that fuels its economy but a great place for tourism industry as it offers so much to anyone who dare to go to this town which considered to be one of the most remote place in Australia.

Here are some of the places that I had a chance to see and explore while I was in town.

Day 1

Broome Sightseeing Tour

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Sun Pictures

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Cygnet Bay Shops

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Japanese Cemetery

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Matso’s Broome Brewery

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Cable Beach (South) – Part 1

Day 2

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Broome Town Beach

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Roebuck Bay

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Guwarri Old Jetty (McDaniels Lookout)

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Pioneer Cemetery

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Broome Historical Museum

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Willie Creek Pearl Farm

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Cable Beach (North) – Part 2

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Broome Walks : Broome Historical Museum

Before my time was up in the morning for the afternoon town tour, I grabbed time to quickly visit the museum that I passed early morning that day since it still closed and because I prioritized to see Roebuck Bay first.

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Broome Historical Museum (Former Broome Customs House until 1979)

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Museum’s Entry

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I thought I was lucky that I came in the morning to the museum as I was not really sure until what time the museum was open but from the brochure that I was holding at that time, the museum will only open in the morning. At the front of the museum, I felt hesitant to walk towards the museum because my impression was no one visits it as I haven’t seen people near the building. But even with hesitation, I opened the door and there I  saw visitors inside the museum, I felt at ease after. When I came inside, there was a Volunteer Desk near the entrance and I inquired how can I visit the museum, and the staff explained to me that there was a minimal fee that I have to pay and it cost $6 for adult at that time. Then she gave me a brochure with museum map guide. After paying, I started exploring the museum.

Pearling Display

The most spacious part of the museum is called Pearling Display where it depicts the history of Pearling Industry in the town from Aboriginals to present time. The displays to be seen here explained how important the pearls is and where it used for. There are displayed information which also shows the challenges of the divers during the early years of pearling business.

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– Aborigines in Pearling

1 – Pearl Shell (Pinctada maxima) waiting to be unloaded from lugger
2 – Aboriginal diver in the Gulf of Carpentaria using a helmet and air hose but without a complete diving suit it was not very satisfactory
3 – Crew working on deck of lugger
4 – Pearling Masters supervising the unloading of shell from lugger rowboats onto the foreshore. The shell is then taken to the packing sheds for sorting and packing
5 – Lugger crew
6 – Pearl shell on deck of lugger

Source : Broome Historical Museum

I read the information displayed and there I learned how the Aboriginals trading pearls for personal decorations and ceremonial purposes even at earlier time. But when European discovered that the north-west coast of Australia is a rich source of quality pearls, their commercial pearling vessels started to appear in Roebuck Bay around 1860s. And like history of other countries that colonized or invaded by foreign countries, dark ages or dark times happens as the Aboriginals experienced Blackbirding period of their life. This was the time where aboriginals were kidnapped to force them to work as pearl divers and skinners. They are forced to work in pearl luggers which significantly shows how the locals was treated at the height of pearling industry.

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Diver’s Suit (Standard Diving Dress)

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Air Pump (Standard Diving Equipment)

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During the early years of pearl industry booming, the main challenges of the divers was to suffer from ‘Bends’ where divers experience pain when immediately immerse above the water from deep diving.

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1 – Dressed diver standing on lugger with crew members
2 – The diver would dress to dive at first light and would do about eight dives each day only finishing when it became too dark
3 – While diving, the divers connection to the lugger is his air hose and ‘lifeline’ a 50 fathom length of rope controlled by the tender who was responsible for the repair and care of the diving dress and staging the diver – stopping his ascent for periods of time after diving in deep water to avoid the ‘bends’
4 – Pearling Masters with pearl shell on the foreshore before being graded and packed.
5 – Diver getting his shell collection bag prior to diving
6 – Streeter’s Jetty was the original town jetty appearing on maps from 1880’s onwards and is located at the end of Short St.
7 – On return to the lugger the diver’s helment would be removed and while resting he would have food and drink. Note the sail used for protection against the sun
8 – Pearling Master and crew on deck of lugger
9 – Customs Storage Shed located in the grounds of this Museum. This was the second Customs House, the first being in Dampier Tce

Source : Broome Historical Museum

– Diving Suit

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1 – Pearling luggers, Dampier Creek early 1900s
2 – Crew moving pearl shell along the rail track on Streeter’s Jetty during high tide
3 – After the pearl shell has been collected the crew clelans the weed off the shells. Each crew has a shell opener who collected any pearls that were found ang gave them to the owner
4 – B25 schooner Mina on the beach at the Beagle Bay, damaged as result of the 1926 cyclone
5 – Pearling Master Taylor and others (unknown) of foreshore near Streeter’s Jetty
6 – The decompression chamber was a gift to Broome from C.H Heinke & Co. in 1914 to reduce the number of pearl divers suffering from the ‘bends’. Death or disability can occur when, after diving in great depths the diver does not ‘stage’ or rest on his ascent to allow nitrogen gas to revert back to its original state. If he comes up too quickly, the nitrogen gas which has been absorbed into his bloodstream cause pain, disability and sometimes death.
7 – Pearling Master T Hunter (centre) weighing pearls
8 – Mary Dakas was one of Australia’s few female pearl lugger operators. After the accidental death of her husband, Christopher Dakas in 1948, Mary inherited his luggers/equipment and entered into the male dominated pearl shell industry in NW Western Australia. Mary was soon operating luggers out of Broome. As Mary explained: “I had four boat pearling. I started with Swallow in 1949. My son Manual built the Kestrel on the beach at Broome and we added the Jedda and one other to the fleet. We did well while the price of shell was up’

Source : Broome Historical Museum

– Pearling in Broome

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1 – Amateur sumo tournament at Japanese Club – Mr Maruyama holding Joseph Murakami
2 – Town jetty at low tide with State Ship Koolinda in background. This jetty was built in 1898 and stretched 900 meters into Roebuck Bay. It was replaced by the current wharf in 1966
3 – Sheba Lane ‘the Red light’ district of Chinatown which ran from Napier Tce to the Star Hotel in Frederick St. In contained boarding houses, stores, gambling premises, bathhouse and the Kuomintang office, the Chinese Nationalist Party. By the 1940s, due to the downturn in pearling, this area was largely abandoned.
4 – Old Broome jetty at low tide
5 – Outside Sun Pictures in Carnavon St. indentured workers at the end of their contracts load their belongings onto the tram which will take them to the jetty
6 – Carnavon St looking towards Napier Tce with Sun Pictures on the right. LL Tacks Building centre and Tang Wei’s on the left of photograph
7 – Wedding party on steps of Bon Ton Cafe in Napier Tce. This was one of many cafes in Napier Tce in the 1920s
8 – First steam engine for the tram that ran from the jetty to Chinatown outside Mumery’s chemist shop. The driver is Captain Gregory
9 – Japanese cemetery. There are over 900 Japanese buried in this cemetery with most death connected to the pearling industry. The earlies grave is dated 1893. The cemetery was refurbished in 1983 and some of the original headstones can be seen here in the museum

Source : Broome Historical Museum

– White Australia Policy

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– Decompression Chamber

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1 – Riots December 1920 – Special Constables line Carnavon St to control the fighting between the Japanese and Koepanger crews during the lay-up in Broome
2 – The Japanese Club was adjacent to the Police Station in Napier Tce. It was used as a meeting place, theatre, a sports arena (judo, sumo wrestling) and also as gambling premises
3 – William Webber, one of the twelve British Royal Navy divers and their tenders brought to Broome in 1912 as part of the ‘white diver experiment’. These men were meant to show that white divers could be successful pearl shell divers and therefore overcome the Asian dominance of pearl shell diving in Broome. The experiment died from the ‘bends’.
4 – Yasukichi Murakami was a Japanese man who came to Broome working first as a photographer then involved in businesses associated with pearling. He became a business associate of Captain A Gregory. The two became business partners with Mr. Murakami as the silent partner. This was called ‘dummying’ and was illegal under the West Australian law but many participated in the practice.

Source : Broome Historical Museum

– Difficulties

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1 – Divers on lugger John Luis after last dive in 1975 season. This lgger (built in 1957) was modified for new diving technology and the change from pearling to shell harvesting. The lugger is now at the Australian National Maritime Museum
2 – Pearl shell on sea bed
3 – Pinctada maxima (liver slipped pearl oyster). For a hundred years prior to the 1970s this oyster was collected for its pearl shell, with any pearls found a bonus. Now it is harvested for the growing of cultured pearls
4 – A drop shaped pearl
5 – A technician inserting a spherical nucleus into the oyster’s sac. The shell is then put in panels, attached to lines and hung a few meters below the surface where nutrient is available for it to survive and cost the nucleus with layers of nacre to form a pearl
6 – Pearl shell opened showing the body of oyster that the shell protects from predators. The final product of a pearl oyster is pearl meat, a delicacy appreciated by many.
7 – Crew members doing a final clean of the frames before they are put back in the water
8 – A perfect pearl
9 – During the two years of each pearl’s growing period, the shells are rotated and cleaned regularly, removing barnacles and seaweed.
10 – After a pearl is removed a nucleus the size of the removed pearl is inserted and the pearl oyster is put back into the frame and hung off the lines for a further two years
11 – Cultured pearls

Source : Broom Historical Museum

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– Cultured Pearls

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– Pearl Usage

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– Carnarvon St

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– Soy Sauce Jar

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– Shell Collections

Dinosaurs

There are two Dinosaur Footprints are being displayed in the museum. First is 120 million year old print from a theropod which was cut from rock at Crab Creek and put on the black market. The offender was arrested and the footprint subsequently donated to the Broome Historical Society. The second is from the Megalosaurus Broomensis, a predatory dinosaur which scientist believe to have been about 9 metres long and five meters high. The said dinosaur footprint was kindly loaned to the Broome Historical Society by Peter Meier, who found it amongst a load of Kimberley sandstone when landscaping.

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120 million year old Theropod Footprint

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Megalosaurus Broomensis Footprint

The Norman Family & The Pearling Industry

Norman family who were prominent in pioneering the pearling industry which started from Hugh Norman and his wife Margaret Mary Norman down to his son Edgar (Ted) de Burgh Norman. Hugh Norman was founder member and a President of the Pearlers Association and Mayor of Broome (1909-1910).

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Norman Family

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Broome Built Heritage

Aboriginal People Law & Order

Exploring the museum led me to discover one of the amazing things about the Aboriginals. I found that they have ‘Six Seasons of Yawuru’ Calendar. The impression it made on me was that these local people has scientific observations of the weather for thousand years ago.

Aboriginals wears Riji, a pearl shells traditionally worn by Aboriginal men in Broome region to whom only initiated to the highest degree. Riji are associated with water, spiritual powers and healing due to the luminous shimmering quality of their surfaces.

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Six Seasons of Yawuru

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Riji

Broome Museum also displays the Australian Aboriginal Flag with eye-catching rallying symbol for Aboriginal people and a symbol of their race and identity. The Black which represents the Aboriginal people. The Red represents the earth and their spiritual belief to the land. The Yellow represents the sun, the giver of life.

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Australian Aboriginal Flag

Communication

Australia was one of the country that was early adopter of Telegraph Technology where its capital cities were connected since 1858. There was undersea cable between Broome and Banjoewangie (East Java) which triggered Broome and that time was just a pearler’s base camp before it transformed into a town.

One of the noteworthy thing that I learned when visited the museum was the Amalgamated Wireless Australia (AWA) which became Overseas Telecommunication Commission (OTC) and now the nationwide telecom of the country Telstra. Broome Coastal Wireless Station was one of the 19 stations in Australia that served with significant role in communications during World War I and II.

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Early Duplicator or Photocopier (bottom right)

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Transmitter

Recreation

Every time I visits museum, there is always something to learn and discover. People may find some commonality of  displays or archives from one museum to another and sometimes, relations of things and even places historically. One caught my attention was a different kind of Billiard. I knew a little about billiards and saw something similar was fascinating. I saw Bagatelle which is a type of billiards famous during 19th century.

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Bagatelle

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Other photos in Recreation

Domestic Life

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Some photos that represents the Domestic Life in the town

Meatworks

Broome has significant role on its own historically. One of it was when Farrell Family established Broome Meatworks which became a mainstay economy of the town before. During war-time, it was one that helped to supply meat for Australian defense forces and even to supply internationally by freezer ships. The business operated for over 50 years before its closure.

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Meatworks

Diamond Plane / World War II

During my reading in this part of the museum, I realized that there was a famous story about the diamond which said to be strayed in the coast of Broome when one of the plane was hit during war and without awareness of the pilot, there was a box of diamond in his plane. The story about diamond circulates the town.

The town itself has its own story to tell during World War I. They were one of the affected town during that time as first, their lots of Japanese lived in the place due to pearling business and these Japanese interred at that time. Until it experienced to be hit by lots of Japanese Mitsubishi Zero bomber. The town was devastated.

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Wing tip from Diamond Plane DC-3

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320 litre Zero drop tank

Kennedy/Haynes Room

Master Pearler, T.H. (“Bert”) Kennedy, also known locally as “H.K. Unsinkable”, for his perseverance in the pearling industry during the lean years of the great depression and the post war era. He is a Melburnians whom decided to stay in Broome while he was on his way to South Africa and became Master Pearler.

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Kennedy/Haynes Room

When I left the museum, there was an open space nearby where I saw Roebuck Bay once again. And I couldn’t help myself but admired it again because of its its crystal clear water.

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Roebuck Bay from Broome Historical Museum

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Broome Historical Museum

Notes:
1. Plan to visit Broome Historical Museum ? Please check latest information here :
2. Transportation – Town Bus Service, Broome Cycles, Car HireBroome Taxis
3. Directions to Broome Historical Museum using Bus :
Whether you are taking “Bus route FROM Cable Beach with Bus Stop” or “Bus route TO Cable Beach with Bus Stop”, just get off at “Town Beach / Museum / The Oaks Stop” and walk few meters towards the museum.

 

 

Something To Look At : Broome’s One Day War

Something To Look At (Post#17) : Broome’s One Day War

Photo of the day is about “Broome’s One Day War” story. During World War II, Broome also suffered catastrophic event.  There was a day in the town wherein 9 of Japanese Mitsubishi Zero fighters arrived at Roebuck Bay and attacked boats moored in the bay. It also targeted nearby airstrip where several aircraft destroyed. In the end, Japanese did not leave single aircraft that was operational, though Broome tried to fight back only to damaged one Japanese fighter and one on its way home. The tremendous effect of what Japanese did in the town was visible and many people died. In my opinion, another reason why Japanese attacks Broome was most likely the intelligence report they received that Japanese were interned when Australia decided to join Allied forces to fight back Japan during World War II and as we knew that the town has lots of Japanese works in Broome’s Pearling Industry. The photo is part of Broome Historical Museum Visit October 2016.

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Notes :
Photo : Exhibit, Archive, Display
Location : 67 Robinson St, Broome WA 6725, Australia
Transportation : Town Bus Service, Broome TransitBroome Cycles, Broome Broome
Official Website : Broome Historical Society & Museum

Discovery : Pinctada Maxima

Discovery (Post#54) : Pinctada Maxima

Photos of the day is all about “Pinctada Maxima” that was displayed in Broome Historical Museum. It is marine bivalve mollusk, world largest pearl oysters with two color varieties : the White-lipped oyster and the Gold-lipped oyster. It is also known as South Sea Pearls.

The pearls that cultured in Broome are called Australian South Sea Pearls which best known and valued for their white/silver with pink hues from the white(silver)-lipped pearl oyster.

The interesting facts about this Pinctada Maxima, it is the same type of pearls that can be found in my country (Philippines) 1000 peso bill which also known as Philippine South Sea Pearl, typically produce golden pearls from the gold-lipped pearl oyster.

Truly indeed places has relations to each other and South Sea Pearl is one of it. The photo is part of Broome Historical Museum Visit October 2016.

 

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Pinctada Maxima

Notes :
Photo : Exhibit, Archive, Display
Location : 67 Robinson St, Broome WA 6725, Australia
Transportation : Town Bus Service, Broome TransitBroome Cycles, Broome Broome
Official Website : Broome Historical Society & Museum

Something To Look At : The Great Diamond Mystery

Something To Look At (Post#16) : The Great Diamond Mystery

Photo of the day is about “The Great Diamond Mystery” story.  The mystery story about diamond circulates the town of Broome after the Royal Dutch East Indies Airlines DC-3 was shot down by Japanese zeroes during its raid in Broome in 1942. But the pilot Ivan Smirnoff still able to managed landing in Carnot Bay. Later Smirnoff was surprised as he was questioned about the diamonds which he was not aware of. Jack Palmer which was a local beachcomber said to have found the package with diamonds and had been generous sharing the diamonds to his aboriginal friends but when police started to question them, they throw the diamonds they received from Palmer.  Palmer has been in trial because of this but the case was dismissed. The photo is part of Broome Historical Museum Visit October 2016.

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Notes :
Photo : Exhibit, Archive, Display
Location : 67 Robinson St, Broome WA 6725, Australia
Transportation : Town Bus Service, Broome TransitBroome Cycles, Broome Broome
Official Website : Broome Historical Society & Museum

Discovery : Riji

Discovery (Post#53) : Riji

Photo of the day is about “Riji”. Riji (from Bardi language) or jakuli are the pearl shells traditionally worn by Aboriginal men in Broome Region. It is worn as pubic coverings and only men initiated to the highest degree could traditionally wear them. Riji were objects of great value and were traded with inland Aborigines along ancient trade routes over vast areas of the continent. The photo is part of Broome Historical Museum Visit October 2016.

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Notes :
Photo : Exhibit, Archive, Display
Location : 67 Robinson St, Broome WA 6725, Australia
Transportation : Town Bus Service, Broome TransitBroome Cycles, Broome Broome
Official Website : Broome Historical Society & Museum

Arts and Craft : Shell Collection by Mrs Phyllis McDaniel

Arts and Craft (Post#20) : Shell Collection by Mrs Phyllis McDaniel

Photo of the day is about “Shell Collection” of Mrs Phyllis McDaniel. The table and the Shell cases in the Rae Val Annexe are all from her collection, which was bought by the Broome Shire and vested into the care of Broome Historical Society. McDaniel was known for her world-class shell collection. The photo is part of Broome Historical Museum Visit October 2016.

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Notes :
Photo : Exhibit, Archive, Display
Location : 67 Robinson St, Broome WA 6725, Australia
Transportation : Town Bus Service, Broome TransitBroome Cycles, Broome Broome
Official Website : Broome Historical Society & Museum

Discovery : Bagatelle

Discovery (Post#52) : Bagatelle

Photos of the day are all about Bagatelle. Bagatelle is a type of billiards that was popular in 19th century which employ 9 balls and play on the table that was semicircular at one end. The game was popular because it added element of chance appealing to billiard players of little skill. These photos are part of Broome Historical Museum Visit October 2016.

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Notes :
Photo : Exhibit, Archive, Display
Location : 67 Robinson St, Broome WA 6725, Australia
Transportation : Town Bus Service, Broome TransitBroome Cycles, Broome Broome
Official Website : Broome Historical Society & Museum

Discovery : Australian Aboriginal Flag

Discovery (Post#51) : Australian Aboriginal Flag

Photos of the day are all about the Australian Aboriginal Flag. In my opinion, if in case Australia is not conquered by Europe, I think the country will be using the flag below as it directly represent what is Australia before European arrived in the country. These photos are part of Broome Historical Museum Visit October 2016.

Reading the notes about the flag, the meaning of the Australian Aboriginal Flag which consist of three colors are :
– Black which represents the Aboriginal people
– Red represents the earth and their spiritual belief to the land
– Yellow represents the sun, the giver of life

The flag was designed by Harold Thomas, an artist and an aboriginal himself in 1971. One catchy information that made me admired Harold Thomas about the flag he designed is his thoughts, his convictions and his disagreements that this flag to be used as replacement to the current Australian Flag. He said “Our flag is not a secondary thing. It stands on its own, not to be placed as an adjunct to any other thing. It shouldn’t be treated that way.”

Australian Government proclaimed the flag in July 1995 a “Flag of Australia” under the section 5 of the Flags Act 1953.

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Notes :
Photo : Exhibit, Archive, Display
Location : 67 Robinson St, Broome WA 6725, Australia
Transportation : Town Bus Service, Broome TransitBroome Cycles, Broome Broome
Official Website : Broome Historical Society & Museum

Colors : Not Four But Six Seasons (of Yawuru) Calendar

Colors  (Post#11) : Not Four But Six Seasons (of Yawuru) Calendar

The photos of the day are all about “The Six Seasons of Yawuru” Calendar. Our World used to have four-seasons. A lot of countries adapted it, used it as reference and aligned it in our current 12-Month Calendar. But the traditional people of Rubibi (the Broome Region) identify six seasons. I read the description of the six seasons, I myself witnessed and observed how the season changes in Australia and agree as the truthfulness of the information is indeed happening in the country. I was fascinated that aboriginal people has scientific observations of the weather even thousand or million years ago. It’s great that these information are preserved even in our time. These photos are part of Broome Historical Museum Visit October 2016.

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Mankala

December to March

During this rainy season you will see magnificent sunsets and storms. Be aware of that cyclones may occur. Early or late afternoon walking is advised to avoid the heat of the day and high humidity. The appearance of Barn Swallows and flies indicates that the wet season is about to begin.

Marul

Begins April

The weather is still very humid and hot.Dragonflies mark the beginning of this short season. Soon the rain will stop. The tides are big and the wind is still. Everything grows quiet. The seasonal water places are full and the grasses are high

Wirralbu

Begins May

This short season with south-east winds bringing cooler weather from the desert and dew at night. Salmon are in the ocean and the inland bloodwood trees are flowering. Walking is very easy due to the weather.

Barrgana

June to August

Winter time – the dry season. The sea and nights are cooler with the chilly east wind. There are brilliant starry nights. When you have the chance to look across the ocean, look out for Humpback whales migrating north to breed. They pass close to the coast when travelling north and returning south.

Wirlburu

Begins around September

A short warming-up season. It is transition time when the weather changes and the west wind start to blow. The days start to warm up and the nights are cool. The mist comes in from the ocean and there is seaweed on the beach. The ‘soap tree’ and the other Acacia plants are bearing pods, which are collected in the next few months when fully grown and then baked in hot coal hash before eating.

Larja

During October and November

The weather is building up in anticipation of the rains. It is very humid and hot with the east wind blowing. There will be fewer people on the beach for the next six months since the sea is warm and full of stinging itching pests. The turtles are mating and laying eggs on the beaches. The stingrays and goannas are plentiful and the bush berries are ready for eating.

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Notes :
Photo : Exhibit, Archive, Display
Location : 67 Robinson St, Broome WA 6725, Australia
Transportation : Town Bus Service, Broome TransitBroome Cycles, Broome Broome
Official Website : Broome Historical Society & Museum

Discovery : Dinosaur Footprints

Discovery (Post#50) : Dinosaur Footprints

Photos of the day are all about Dinosaurs Footprints. One of the displays that caught my attention while exploring Broome Historical Museum were the dinosaurs footprints. We learned about dinosaurs because of fossil evidences that these creatures indeed exist about million years ago and had lived in our world. I saw two footprints fossilized in rocks which said to be found in north-west coast of Australia. Broome actually offers tours which visits sites of dinosaur prints in the nearby coast which visible during low tide. These photos are part of Broome Historical Museum Visit October 2016.

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120 million year old print from a theropod was cut from rock at Crab Creek and put on the black market. The offender was arrested and the footprint subsequently donated to the Broome Historical Society.

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The dinosaur footprint was kindly loaned to the Broome Historical Society by Peter Meier, who found it amongst a load of Kimberley sandstone when landscaping.

These prints are from the Megalosaurus Broomensis, a predatory dinosaur which scientist believe to have been about 9 metres long and five meters high.

Notes :
Photo : Exhibit, Archive, Display
Location : 67 Robinson St, Broome WA 6725, Australia
Transportation : Town Bus Service, Broome TransitBroome Cycles, Broome Broome
Official Website : Broome Historical Society & Museum

Discovery : Decompression Chamber & ‘Bends’

Discovery (Post#49) : Decompression Chamber & ‘Bends’

Photos for the day are all about Decompression Chamber or Diving Chamber. Nitrogen or any gas in air tank pressure increases as the diver goes deeper in the water. Then, Nitrogen gas is absorbed through body tissues but not utilized like oxygen. Therefore, one of the challenges of the pearl divers to experience as they work to explore the vast and deeper underwater, was suffering from ‘bends’. “Bends” also called as Decompression Sickness or Caisson Disease where the Nitrogen gas building up or dissolve in body tissues. When this has been quickly released, the nitrogen that build up in body tissues may burst like bubbles that can cause pains and most of the time deaths.

A clear example to illustrate this bubble formation process is that of a bottle of carbonated soda. A bottle of carbonated soda is filled with gas (carbon dioxide), which cannot be seen because it is dissolved in solution under pressure. When the bottle is opened, the pressure is released and the gas leaves the solution in the form of bubbles. A diver returning to the surface is similar to opening the bottle of soda. As a diver swims to the surface, the pressure decreases. The nitrogen, which has dissolved in tissues, wants again to leave, because the body can hold only a certain amount based on that nitrogen pressure.

Source : emedicinehealth.com

The Decompression Chamber is used so that the bubbles in the body tissue which increased due to pressure under the water will be shrinkage as treatment for Decompression Sickness. Having this diving chamber in the town gave a good result as it immediately reduced the number of divers died from ‘Bends’. These photos are part of Broome Historical Museum Visit October 2016.

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Notes :
Photo : Exhibit, Archive, Display
Location : 67 Robinson St, Broome WA 6725, Australia
Transportation : Town Bus Service, Broome TransitBroome Cycles, Broome Broome
Official Website : Broome Historical Society & Museum

Discovery : Diver’s Suit & Air Pump

Discovery (Post#48) : Diver’s Suit & Air Pump

Photos of the day are all about Pearl Diver’s Suit and Manual Air Pump Equipment. The moment I entered Broome Historical Museum, an old and huge Diver’s Suit is displayed at the center of Pearling Display Room, the main room of the museum. The displayed Diver’s Suit is called as Standard Diving Dress or heavy diving gear which is a type of diving suit formerly used for all underwater works such as pearl diving. Beside the Diver’s Suit is the Manual Air Pump for Standard Diving Equipment which used to supply air through a connected air hose from the air pump to the diver. These photos are part of Broome Historical Museum Visit October 2016.

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Diver’s Suit (Standard Diving Dress)

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Manual Air Pump (Standard Diving Equipment)

Notes :
Photo : Exhibit, Archive, Display
Location : 67 Robinson St, Broome WA 6725, Australia
Transportation : Town Bus Service, Broome TransitBroome Cycles, Broome Broome
Official Website : Broome Historical Society & Museum

Name Of The Place : Broome Historical Museum

Name Of The Place (Pots#52) : Broome Historical Museum

The photos of the day are all about the name of the museum itself – Broome Historical Museum, a former Customs House. The building is run by volunteers of Broome Historical Society, a non-profit organization with main objectives that protects the history, culture and heritage of the town. Even though the museum is simple single story house from the outside, but the inside is full of information about Broome and about pearls that is worth knowing. I learned things about the town which backup by its colorful pearling industry and history. The visit in this museum is a must to understand further what is all about Broome. These photos are part of Broome Historical Museum Visit October 2016.

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Notes :
Photo : Historical Building, Museum
Location : 67 Robinson St, Broome WA 6725, Australia
Transportation : Town Bus Service, Broome Cycles, Car HireBroome Taxis
Website : Broome Historical Society & Museum